Important Terms

Phytochemicals:

chemical compounds found in plants, fruits, and vegetables that can act as antioxidants.

Antioxidants:

chemicals that reduce or prevent oxidation, thus preventing cell and tissue damage from free radicals in the body.

Phenolic Compount:

a type of phytochemical.

Flavonoids:

a class of antioxidant. Apples are packed with flavonoids.

Quercetin:

a type of flavonoid found in apples.

Pectin:

a soluble fiber present in most fruits and vegetables.

Tannins:

substance found in apple juice that helps prevent urinary tract infections and may reduce heart disease. Research also suggests tannins may help prevent periodontal or gum disease.